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About Junín

     Geography       History  
History - Tourism Resources

Junín Lake (Lake Chinchaycocha Salvemos)
National Reserve was declared as the August 7th of 1974, by Supreme Decree No. 0750-74-AG.

It is the highest lake in the world, with a beauty that is unparalleled in the highland province of Junín.

The volume of natural water was doubled in the last century to build a dam affecting this part of the archaeological area near the lake.

Lake Junín deposited a variety of species of flora and fauna, especially birds that live permanently among the vegetation and lake birds arrive in flocks during their long journey from one extreme to another continent (Month of July).

But the lake for years has been continuously polluted by tailings from the mines of Cerro of Pasco, which has put at risk the ecosystem, if not stopped, will lead to the collapse and disappearance of flora and fauna.

Pampas Chacamarca
These Pampas were the scene of the Glorious Battle of Junín on August 6th of 1824, in which the gesture patriot army, by the action of the champions of the victory of the Husares of Junín, defeated the Spanish forces during the Independence Campaign nationally.

Trying to symbolize this historical fact, initially build a pyramid of stones over 12 yards (9, 96 m) in the year of 1864. And the occasion of the centenary of the Battle of Junín in 1924, the government of Don Augusto Bernardino Leguia, provided for the construction of the present obelisk that was designed by German architect Edmond Moeller, their dimensions are 35,926 m in height with a square base of side 21.24 m, the interior is empty where the museum site, which is an iron clad cement.

Column topped with a radiant background vacuum field, which is inscribed, the word JUNÍN.

PREHISTORY OF JUNÍN - The Caves of Pachamachay and Junín Pumpush
Pachamachay is located 1 km. District Ondores compared to the nitrate of San Blas. It is a cave whose dimensions are 2mts. wide input 6mts. deep. Here the archaeologist Ramiro Matos Mendieta, to perform the scan found among the remains belonged to Pumpush (a culture that populated the river from Lake Chinchaycocha) Maca, Potato, Corn, Ceramics, Tools, etc., and concludes that they were , which not only domesticated but also Maca, potato, among others.

Caption of photo:
Annex of San Blas, Ondores District; Province of Junín, whose remains have been found near pre-ceramic we speak of the presence of the first men in the highlands of Junín, 9,000 years before Christ.
     More Info: "The hidden treasure of Junín"
Koken agro-industries of Peru